• The preliminary data in this report reflects information received on offenders sentenced during the first three quarters of fiscal year 2019 (October 1, 2018 through June 30, 2019). This data is preliminary as the Commission collects, analyzes, and reports additional cases throughout the fiscal year.

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  • The Commission released new information on resentencings pursuant to Section 404 of the First Step Act of 2018—the section of the Act that gave retroactive effect to changes made by the Fair Sentencing Act of 2010.

    Latest Resentencing Data

  • This podcast series covers topics ranging from frequently asked questions on the HelpLine, to sentencing practice tips, to recent case law developments.

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  • This publication provides a brief, easy-to-use reference on the types of criminal cases handled by federal courts in FY 2018 and the punishments imposed on offenders convicted in those cases.

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  • Check out the Commission's eLearning courses that introduce basic relevant conduct analysis and basic criminal history rules used to apply the Federal Sentencing Guidelines.  Staff recommend completion of the relevant conduct course before moving on to the criminal history course. 

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About the Commission

The U.S. Sentencing Commission, a bipartisan, independent agency located in the judicial branch of government, was created by Congress in 1984 to reduce sentencing disparities and promote transparency and proportionality in sentencing.

The Commission collects, analyzes, and distributes a broad array of information on federal sentencing practices.  The Commission also continuously establishes and amends sentencing guidelines for the judicial branch and assists the other branches in developing effective and efficient crime policy. Learn the basics of federal sentencing.



  • Resources
    Quick Facts

    Quick Facts publications give readers basic facts about a single area of federal crime in an easy-to-read, two-page format. The Commission releases new Quick Facts periodically.

  • Resources
    In-District Training Requests

    If you are a district training coordinator, judge, CJA panel rep, or federal defender, contact us for a customized training session.

  • Resources

    Want to learn more about relevant statutes, case law and guidelines on a specific topic? Discover our primers that focus on topics ranging from drug trafficking to criminal history to supervised release....

  • Resources

    Use these worksheets to help determine the applicable offense level, criminal history score, and guideline range in an individual offender’s case.

  • Resources
    Research Notes

    Research Notes give background information on the technical details of the Commission’s data collection process and provide answers to common data analysis questions. 

  • Resources
    Decision Tree: Grouping Multiple Counts of Conviction

    How do the guidelines apply in a case with multiple counts of conviction? Follow this decision tree to learn more about the grouping rules at §3D1.2 and §3D1.4.

  • Resources
    Glossary of Sentencing Terms

    Unclear about some of the terms found in the Guidelines Manual? This glossary covers everything from “Abuse of Trust” to “Zone D”.