• (June 27, 2022)    This report examines the application and significance of status points (§4A1.1(d)), and considers the extent to which status points contribute to the criminal history score’s prediction of rearrest.

    Key Findings
    Full Report

  • (June 21, 2022)   This study—the seventh and final in the Commission's recent recidivism series—examines the relationship between length of incarceration and recidivism, specifically exploring three potential relationships that may exist: incarceration as having a deterrent effect, a criminogenic effect, or no effect on recidivism.

    Key Findings
    Full Report

  • (June 14, 2022)   The preliminary data in this report reflects information received on offenders sentenced through the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 (October 1, 2021 through March 31, 2022).

    Full Report

  • (June 14, 2022)   This publication examines whether participation in vocational programs offered by the Federal Bureau of Prisons impacted recidivism among a cohort of federal offenders released from prison in 2010.

    Full Report
    Report At-A-Glance

  • FY21 Quick Facts on mandatory minimum penalties, Career Offenders, and firearms offenders are now available. Quick Facts publications give readers basic facts about a single area of federal crime in an easy-to-read, two-page format. The Commission releases new Quick Facts periodically. 

    Learn more

  • (May 17, 2022)   This publication examines whether completion of drug programs offered by the Federal Bureau of Prisons impacted recidivism among a cohort of federal offenders released from prison in 2010.

    Full Report
    Report At-A-Glance

About the Commission

The U.S. Sentencing Commission, a bipartisan, independent agency located in the judicial branch of government, was created by Congress in 1984 to reduce sentencing disparities and promote transparency and proportionality in sentencing.

The Commission collects, analyzes, and distributes a broad array of information on federal sentencing practices.  The Commission also continuously establishes and amends sentencing guidelines for the judicial branch and assists the other branches in developing effective and efficient crime policy. Learn the basics of federal sentencing.

 

 

  • Resources
    Glossary of Sentencing Terms

    Unclear about some of the terms found in the Guidelines Manual? This glossary covers everything from “Abuse of Trust” to “Zone D”.

  • Resources
    Ask the HelpLine

    The HelpLine assists judges, probation officers, and practitioners in understanding and applying the guidelines. You can submit your questions electronically or call us directly.

  • Resources
    Decision Trees

    How do the guidelines apply in a case with multiple counts? How do you score criminal history convictions? Follow the decision trees to answer these questions.

  • Resources
    Primers

    Want to learn more about relevant statutes, case law and guidelines on a specific topic? Discover our primers that focus on topics ranging from drug trafficking to criminal history to supervised release....

  • Resources
    Worksheets

    Use these worksheets to help determine the applicable offense level, criminal history score, and guideline range in an individual offender’s case.

  • Resources
    Quick Facts

    Quick Facts publications give readers basic facts about a single area of federal crime in an easy-to-read, two-page format. The Commission releases new Quick Facts periodically.

  • Resources
    Research Notes

    Research Notes give background information on the technical details of the Commission’s data collection process and provide answers to common data analysis questions.