Annual Report 1997

United States Sentencing Commission

1997 Annual Report
Table of Contents

U.S. Sentencing Commission - Year In Review
  Sentencing Policy
  Data and Research
  Training, Education, and Public Information
  Changes in Commission Membership
Chapter One - Commission Overview
  A Brief History of Federal Sentencing Reform
  Agency Overview
    Budget and Expenditures
Chapter Two - The Sentencing Guidelines
  Guideline Amendments
    Amendments Promulgated
  Assistance to Congress
    Other Policy Initiatives
      Cocaine Sentencing Policy
      Money Laundering Sentencing Policy
      Economic Crimes Guidelines
Chapter Three - Legal Issues
  U.S. Supreme Court Decisions
    Decisions on Guideline Sentencing Issues
      Acquitted Conduct
      Consecutive Sentence Requirement Under 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)
      Career Offender Guideline
    Certiorari Granted
  Decisions of the United States Courts of Appeals
    Post-Koon Appellate Departure Decisions
    The "Safety Valve"
Chapter Four - Guideline Training and Education
  Internet Web Site
  Public Information
  Publications and Training Materials
    Training New Appointees
    Defense Attorney Training Initiative
    District-Based Guideline Education
    "High-Tech" Approaches to Training
      Calls Received in 1997
    Temporary Assignment Programs
Chapter Five - Research
  Statutory Requirements
  Data Collection
    Data Collection Issues
  Summary of 1997 Findings
    Sentencing Individual Offenders
      Offender Characteristics
      Guideline Cases
      Guideline Application
      Departures and Sentences Within the Guideline Range
      Drug Cases
      Immigration Cases
    Organizational Sentencing Practices
      Offense Characteristics
      Offender Characteristics
      Sanctions Imposed
      Significant Case Law
    Appeals Data
      Summary of Information Received
      Issues and Guidelines Appealed
      Offense and Offender Characteristics
  Research Studies
    Departure Issues
      Substantial Assistance Departures
      Departures After Koon vs. U.S.
    Disparity Issues
      Advisory Panel on Disparity Research
      Inter-Judge Disparity
      Race and Gender Sentencing Disparity
      Disparity Issues in the Circuit Courts
    Intensive Study Sample
    Research Presentations at the Annual ASC Meeting
    Data Enhancement and Promotion
    Prison Impact Assessment
    Data Analyses for the Courts
Appendix A - Data Collection Issues
  Assessing the Completeness of Commission Case Receipt
  Changes in the Number of Defendants in 1997
  Characteristics of Cases Received After the District Submission Request
  Assessing the Completeness and Representativeness of the Commission's Datafile