Miscellaneous

Recidivism Among Offenders Receiving Retroactive Sentence Reductions: The 2007 Crack Cocaine Amendment. (May 2014) This publication provides an updated recidivism analysis of crack cocaine offenders who were released early after implementation of a 2007 guidelines amendment which retroactively reduced by two levels the base offense levels assigned by the Drug Quantity Table for crack cocaine. In this five-year study, these offenders were compared with similarly situated offenders who served their original sentences.

Recidivism Among Offenders with Sentence Modifications Made Pursuant to Retroactive Application of 2007 Crack Cocaine Amendment. (May 2011) This memorandum analyzes the impact on recidivism rates, if any, of sentence reductions under the retroactive application of the 2007 Crack Cocaine Amendment, which reduced by two levels the base offense levels assigned by the Drug Quantity Table for each quantity of crack cocaine and for which the Commission granted retroactive application effective March 3, 2008.

Introduction to the Collection of Individual Offender Data by the United States Sentencing Commission. (May 2009) This report introduces the process the United States Sentencing Commission uses to create its fiscal year individual offender datafiles from documents submitted to the Commission. Issues surrounding the use of differing form types and conflicting information among documents are also addressed. The report is designed to help researchers use the Commission's datafiles by providing answers to common data analysis questions.

Analysis of the Impact of the Crack Cocaine Amendment If Made Retroactive. (October 3, 2007) This document provides a Commission staff analysis of the impact of the crack cocaine amendment (Amendment 9) submitted to Congress on May 1, 2007, if the Commission were to add the amendment to subsection (c) of §1B1.10 (Reduction in Term of Imprisonment as a Result of Amendment Guideline Range (Policy Statement)) as an amendment that may be applied retroactively to previously sentenced defendants.

Fifteen Years of Guidelines Sentencing: (November 2004) An Assessment of How Well the Federal Criminal Justice System Is Achieving the Goals of Sentencing Reform. This study is a comprehensive review of the research literature and sentencing data to assess how well the guidelines have achieved the goals for sentencing reform established by Congress in the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984. These goals include increased certainty and transparency of sentences, increased severity of sentences for certain types of serious crimes, and reduced sentencing disparity, including racial and ethnic disparity.

Final Report of the Native American Advisory Group. (November 4, 2003) This report contains the findings and recommendations of the ad hoc Native American Advisory Group.

Report of the United States Sentencing Commission to the Judicial Conference of the United States. (September 1999) This five-page report updates developments regarding commissioner vacancies and the ongoing work of the agency.

Report of the United States Sentencing Commission to the Judicial Conference of the United States. (March 1999) This seven-page report outlines Commission activities and developments regarding Commissioner vacancies, recent guideline amendments, the ongoing work of the agency, and the increase in reported cases during the past fiscal year of 1998.

The Year In Review: 1997-1998. (July 1998) This ten-page report highlights the accomplishments of the U.S. Sentencing Commission during 1997-1998. The document describes recent achievements in areas including policy development; resolution of circuit conflicts; appellate review of guideline departures; legislative initiatives; training and education activities; research studies; and identifies areas for future study.

Substantial Assistance: An Empirical Yardstick Gauging Equity in Current Federal Policy and Practice. (January 1998) This exploratory research report examines the guidelines' "substantial assistance" policy statement in light of the guidelines' overall statutory goal of fair and honest sentencing. The study focused on whether different districts' policies and procedures were consistent and whether similar defendants were receiving similar sentence reductions for providing similar assistance.

Research Bulletin - Just Punishment: Public Perceptions and the Federal Sentencing Guidelines. (March 1997) In this study, more than 1,700 citizens throughout the U.S. provided their opinions on "just punishment" and crime seriousness issues. This paper describes the survey and its methodology, comparing public attitudes with the corresponding sentencing guideline ranges for four selected federal offenses: drug trafficking, bank robbery, immigration offenses, and fraud.