Sourcebook 2005

U. S. Sentencing Commission’s
Sourcebook of Federal Sentencing Statistics

 

Introduction

The data in this report pertain to cases sentenced both before and after the United States Supreme Court’s January 12, 2005, decision in Booker v. United States, 543 U.S. 220 (2005). The tables in this Sourcebook are organized into three sections:
• The first section consists of Tables 1-9, 55-61, and Figures A, B, and M, which contain basic, descriptive statistics for all of FY 2005 (October 1, 2004, through September 30, 2005).
• The second section consists of Tables 10-54, 57-59, and Figures C-M for the pre-Booker period of FY 2005 (October 1, 2004, through January 11, 2005).
• The third section consists of Tables 10-54, 57-59, and Figures C-M for the post-Booker period of FY 2005 (January 12, 2005, through September 30, 2005).

This is the tenth edition of the United States Sentencing Commission’s Sourcebook of Federal Sentencing Statistics. This Sourcebook contains descriptive statistics on the application of the federal sentencing guidelines and provides selected district, circuit, and national sentencing data. The volume covers fiscal year 2005 (October 1, 2004, through September 30, 2005, hereinafter “2005”). This Sourcebook together with the 2005 Annual Report constitutes the annual report referenced in 28 U.S.C. § 997, as well as the analysis, recommendations, and accounting to Congress referenced in 28 U.S.C. § 994(w)(3).

On June 24, 2004, the Supreme Court decided Blakely v. Washington1, invalidating a sentence imposed under the state of Washington’s sentencing guidelines statute. The decision held that the judicial application of an enhanced range under the Washington state guidelines violated the defendant’s Sixth Amendment right to a jury trial. The Court stated that it expressed no opinion on the federal sentencing guidelines, which were not before it.2 After the decision, however, federal circuit and district courts voiced varying opinions on the implications of the decision for federal sentencing. The Supreme Court accepted for expedited review two federal sentencing guideline cases, United States v. Booker and United States v. Fanfan3, to clarify the implications of the decision for the federal sentencing guidelines, and the Commission filed an amicus curiae brief in the case.

On January 12, 2005, the Supreme Court decided United States v. Booker4, applying Blakely to the federal guideline system and determining that the mandatory application of the federal sentencing guidelines violated the right to trial by jury under the Sixth Amendment. The Court remedied the Sixth Amendment violation by excising the provisions in the Sentencing Reform Act that made the federal sentencing guidelines mandatory, thereby converting the mandatory system that had existed for almost 20 years into an advisory one.

The Commission continued its statutory mission to collect data on sentencing decisions both before and after Booker. In 2005, the Commission received documentation on 72,462 cases sentenced under the guidelines. The Commission coded and assimilated the information from these sentencings into its comprehensive, computerized data collection system. Of these, 53,674 cases were sentenced after the Supreme Court decision in Booker.

Because Booker generated differences in sentencing practices and procedures, the Commission decided to create two datasets analyzing the federal sentences imposed in 2005. The first dataset contains cases sentenced between October 1, 2004, and January 11, 2005, the day before the Booker decision. During this period before Booker but following Blakely, courts arrived at different conclusions regarding the continued viability of the guidelines or did not apply those guidelines in a uniform fashion. In Booker, the Supreme Court instructed courts to consider the guidelines, but “tailor the sentence in light of other statutory concerns.” This instruction necessitated changes in the methodology used by the Commission in the collection and analysis of the data. Thus, the post-Booker dataset uses the new methodology to classify cases sentenced from January 12, 2005, through September 30, 2005.

Background

The Commission collects and analyzes data on guideline sentences to support its varied activities. As authorized by Congress, the Commission’s numerous research responsibilities include (1) the establishment of a research and development program to serve as a clearinghouse and information center for the collection, preparation, and dissemination of information on federal sentencing practices; (2) the publication of data concerning the sentencing process; (3) the systematic collection and dissemination of information concerning sentences actually imposed and the relationship of such sentences to the factors set forth in section 3553(a) of title 18, United States Code; and (4) the systematic collection and dissemination of information regarding the effectiveness of sentences imposed (28 U.S.C. § 995(a)(12) and (14) through (16) inclusive).

The Sentencing Commission maintains a comprehensive, computerized data collection system which forms the basis for its clearinghouse of federal sentencing information and which, in large part, drives the agency’s research mission.

Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 994(w) (as amended by section 401(h) of the PROTECT Act, which became effective April 30, 2003), each chief judge of a district is required to ensure that within 30 days after entry of judgment in a criminal case, the sentencing court submits a report of sentence to the Commission that includes: (1) the judgment and commitment order; (2) the statement of reasons (including the reasons for any departures); (3) any plea agreement; (4) the indictment or other charging document; (5) the presentence report; and (6) any other information the Commission needs.

Data from these documents are extracted and coded for input into various databases. It should be noted that data collection is a dynamic rather than a static process. When research questions arise, the Commission either analyzes existing data or adds information to its data collection system.

The Commission’s computerized datasets, without individual identifiers, are available via tape and the Internet through the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research at the University of Michigan (ICPSR) and the Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center.6

Datasets

For each case in its Offender Dataset, the Commission routinely collects case identifiers, sentencing data, demographic variables, statutory information, the complete range of court guideline decisions, and departure information. Throughout 2005, the Commission continued to add data elements to its extensive computerized datafile on defendants sentenced under the guidelines. In addition to its standard data collection, the Commission often codes additional variables to study various discrete issues (e.g., drug offenses, criminal history).

The Commission’s 2005 USSC Offender Dataset contains documentation on 72,462 cases sentenced under the Sentencing Reform Act between October 1, 2004, and September 30, 2005. A “case” is defined as one sentencing event for an individual defendant.

The Organizational Dataset captures information on organizations sentenced under Chapter Eight of the guidelines. The Commission collects available data on organizational structure, size, and economic viability; offense of conviction; mode of adjudication; sanctions imposed (including probation and court-ordered compliance programs); and application of the sentencing guidelines. The Commission received information on 187 organizations that were sentenced under Chapter Eight of the sentencing guidelines in 2005.

While the 2005 reporting year includes cases sentenced between October 1, 2004, and September 30, 2005, it is important to note that the offender and organizational data collected and analyzed in the 2005 Annual Report and 2005 Sourcebook of Sentencing Statistics reflect only cases reported to the Commission (i.e., guidelines cases for which the courts forwarded appropriate documentation to the Commission).

The Appeals Dataset tracks appellate review of sentencing decisions. Information captured in this module includes district, circuit, date of opinion, sentencing issues, and the appellate court’s disposition.7 The Commission also tracks final opinions and orders, both published and unpublished, in federal criminal appeals. In 2005, the Commission gathered information on 7,813 appellate court cases.

The appeals data system uses both the “group” and the “defendant” units of analysis. Each group comprises individual records representing all codefendants participating in a consolidated appeal. Each defendant’s record comprises the sentencing-related issues corresponding to that particular defendant. These records, linked together by a unique Commission-assigned appeals identification number, constitute a single group.

1 542 U.S. 296 (2004)
2Id. at 304, n.9.
3 542 U.S. 956 (2004).
4 543 U.S. 220 (2005).
5 Id. at 245.
6 Commission datasets can be accessed using the Internet address http://www.ICPSR.umich.edu/ or http://fjsrc.urban.org/index.cfm.
7 In 1992, the Commission implemented a data collection system to track appellate review of sentencing decisions. Each fiscal year, data collection for appellate review is accomplished by a three-step method. First, many appellate courts submit slip opinions of both published and unpublished opinions and orders directly to the Commission. The Commission creates a master list of these opinions as they are received. Second, the Commission performs a supplemental computer search for all published and unpublished opinions and orders using commercially available legal databases, and adds any available decisions not received directly from the courts to the master list. Last, because courts do not submit all relevant opinions and orders to commercially available legal databases, the Commission checks individual court websites and adds any available cases from the fiscal year. This three-step method may not provide the Commission with all of the appellate sentencing decisions rendered in a fiscal year. The Commission’s Appeals Database, therefore, may not report the universe of appellate decisions rendered in that fiscal year.

Contents

Tables and Figures

Topic Table/Figure Number
SECTION ONE: Fiscal Year 2005 Tables and Figures
(October 1, 2005, through September 30, 2005)
 
Circuit and District Statistics  
  Document Submission Rate of Each Circuit and District Table 1
  Document Submission Rate of Each Circuit and District Table 1A
  Guideline Offenders in Each Circuit and District Table 2
Primary Offense and Offender Characteristics  
  Distribution of Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Figure A
  Guideline Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 3
  Number of Guideline Offenders in Selected Offense Types Figure B
  Race of Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 4
  Gender of Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 5
  Age Of Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 6
  Age, Race, and Gender of Offenders Table 7
  Education of Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 8
  Citizenship of Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 9
Sentencing Appeals  
  Types of Appeal in Each Circuit and District Table 55

 

Disposition of Defendant Sentencing Appeals in Each Circuit and District Table 56

 

Disposition of Government Sentencing Appeals in Each Circuit and District Table 56A
  Type and Disposition of Appeals Cases Figure M
  Guideline Involved in Issues Appealed by the Defendants Table 57
  Guideline Involved in Issues Appealed by the Government Table 58
  Sentencing Issues Appealed for Selected Guidelines Table 59

 

Offense and Offender Characteristics of Appeals Defendants Table 60

 

Average Length of Imprisonment for Appeals Defendants in Each Primary Offense Category Table 61
SECTION TWO: Pre-Booker Tables and Figures(October 1, 2004, through January 11, 2005)
Sentencing Information (Pre-Booker)  

 

Guilty Pleas and Trial Rates Figure C

 

Guilty Pleas and Trials in Each Circuit and District Table 10

 

Guilty Pleas and Trials in Each Primary Offense Category Table 11

 

Distribution of Offenders Receiving Sentencing Options Figure D

 

Offenders Receiving Sentencing Options in Each Primary Offense Category Table 12

 

Average Sentence Length in Each Primary Offense Category Table 13

 

Average Length of Imprisonment for Offenders in Each Criminal History Category by Primary Offense Category Table 14

 

Average Length of Imprisonment in Each General Crime Category Figure E

 

Offenders Receiving Fines and Restitution in Each Primary Offense Category Table 15

 

Type of Sentence Imposed on Offenders in Each Sentencing Zone Table 16

 

Imprisonment Rates of Offenders Eligible for Non-Prison Sentences in Selected Offense Types Figure F
Guideline Application (Pre-Booker)  

 

Offenders Sentenced for Each Chapter Two Guideline Table 17

 

Offenders Receiving Each Chapter Three Guideline Adjustment Table 18

 

Offenders Receiving Acceptance of Responsibility Reductions in Each Primary Offense Category Table 19

 

Offenders Receiving Chapter Four Criminal History Points Table 20

 

Offenders in Each Offense Level and Criminal History Category Table 21

 

Offenders Receiving Career Offender/Armed Career Criminal Adjustments in Each Primary Offense Category Table 22

 

Offenders in Each Guideline Sentencing Range Table 23
Departures and Sentences Within the Guideline Range (Pre-Booker)

 

Percent of Offenders Receiving Each Type of Departure Figure G

 

Reasons Given by Sentencing Courts for Departures Above the Guideline Range Table 24

 

Reasons Given by Sentencing Courts for Other Departures Below the Guideline Range Table 25

 

Guideline Departure Rate by Circuit and District Table 26

 

Downward Departure Rate by Circuit and District Table 26A

 

Offenders Receiving Departures in Each Primary Offense Category Table 27

 

Offenders Receiving Downward Departures in Each Primary Offense Category Table 27A

 

Offenders Receiving Departures in Each Primary Sentencing Guideline Table 28

 

Within-Range Cases: Position of Sentence for Offendersin Each Primary Offense Category Table 29

 

Position of Sentence Within Sentencing Range for Selected Offenses Figure H

 

Substantial Assistance Cases: Degree of Departure for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 30

 

Government Sponsored Downward Departure Cases: Degree of Departure for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 31

 

Other Downward Departure Cases: Degree of Departure for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 31A

 

Upward Departure Cases: Degree of Departure for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 32
Drug Cases (Pre-Booker)  

 

Distribution of Guideline Drug Offenses Figure I

 

Primary Drug Type of Offenders Sentenced Under Each Drug Guideline Table 33

 

Race of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 34

 

Gender of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 35

 

Citizenship of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 36

 

Criminal History Category of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 37

 

Plea and Trial Rates of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 38

 

Weapon Involvement of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 39

 

Role Adjustment of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 40

 

Acceptance of Responsibility of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 41

 

Mean and Median Drug Amounts (In Grams) for Selected Base Offense Levels and Drug Types Table 42

 

Drug Offenders Receiving Mandatory Minimums for Each Drug Type Table 43

 

Drug Offenders Receiving Safety Valve and Mandatory Minimums for Each Drug Type Table 44

 

Drug Offenders Receiving Departures for Each Drug Type Table 45

 

Average Length of Imprisonment in Each Drug Type Figure J

 

Distribution of Drug Type Figure K

 

Mean Length of Imprisonment for Each Drug Type Figure L
Immigration Cases (Pre-Booker)  

 

Demographic and Offense Information for Immigration Offenses Table 46

 

Age of Offenders Sentenced Under Immigration Guidelines Table 47

 

Citizenship of Offenders Sentenced Under Immigration Guidelines Table 48

 

Criminal History Category and Citizenship of Offenders Sentenced Under Immigration Guidelines Table 49

 

Mean and Median Sentences of Offenders Sentenced under Immigration Guidelines by Departure Status Table 50
Organizational Sentencing Practices (Pre-Booker)  

 

Organizations Receiving Fines or Restitution by Primary Offense Category and Applicability of Chapter Eight Fine Guidelines Table 51

 

Mean and Median Fine or Restitution Imposed on Sentenced Organizations by Primary Offense Category Table 52

 

Chapter Eight Organizational Sentencing Components Table 53

 

Organizations Sentenced Under Chapter Eight: Culpability Factors Table 54
Sentencing Appeals (Pre-Booker)  

 

Type and Disposition of Appeals Cases Figure M

 

Guideline Involved in Issues Appealed by the Defendants Table 57

 

Guideline Involved in Issues Appealed by the Government Table 58

 

Sentencing Issues Appealed for Selected Guidelines Table 59
Appendix A (Pre-Booker)  

 

Descriptions of Datafiles, Variables, and Footnotes  
SECTION THREE: Post-Booker Tables and Figures(January 12, 2005, through September 30, 2005)
Sentencing Information (Post-Booker)  

 

Guilty Pleas and Trial Rates Figure C

 

Guilty Pleas and Trials in Each Circuit and District Table 10

 

Guilty Pleas and Trials in Each Primary Offense Category Table 11

 

Distribution of Offenders Receiving Sentencing Options Figure D

 

Offenders Receiving Sentencing Options in Each Primary Offense Category Table 12

 

Average Sentence Length in Each Primary Offense Category Table 13

 

Average Length of Imprisonment for Offenders in Each Criminal History Category by Primary Offense Category Table 14

 

Average Length of Imprisonment in Each General Crime Category Figure E

 

Offenders Receiving Fines and Restitution in Each Primary Offense Category Table 15

 

Type of Sentence Imposed on Offenders in Each Sentencing Zone Table 16

 

Imprisonment Rates of Offenders Eligible for Non-Prison Sentences in Selected Offense Types Figure F
Guideline Application (Post-Booker)  

 

Offenders Sentenced for Each Chapter Two Guideline Table 17

 

Offenders Receiving Each Chapter Three Guideline Adjustment Table 18

 

Offenders Receiving Acceptance of Responsibility Reductions in Each Primary Offense Category Table 19

 

Offenders Receiving Chapter Four Criminal History Points Table 20

 

Offenders in Each Offense Level and Criminal History Category Table 21

 

Offenders Receiving Career Offender/Armed Career Criminal Adjustments in Each Primary Offense Category Table 22

 

Offenders in Each Guideline Sentencing Range Table 23
Departures and Sentences Within the Guideline Range (Post-Booker)

 

Percent of Offenders Receiving Each Type of Departure Figure G

 

Reasons Given by Sentencing Courts for Departures Above the Guideline Range Table 24
  Reasons Given by Sentencing Courts for Departures Above the Guideline Range With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 Table 24A
  Reasons Given by Sentencing Courts for Sentences Above the Guideline Range With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 Table 24B
  Reasons Given by Sentencing Courts for Remaining Sentences Above the Guideline Range Table 24C

 

Reasons Given by Sentencing Courts for Other Departures Below the Guideline Range Table 25
  Reasons Given by Sentencing Courts for Departures Below the Guideline Range With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 Table 25A
  Reasons Given by Sentencing Courts for Sentences Below the Guideline Range With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553 Table 25B
  Reasons Given by Sentencing Courts for Remaining Sentences Below the Guideline Range Table 25C

 

Sentences Relative to the Guideline Range by Circuit and District Table 26

 

Sentences Relative to the Guideline Range by Each Primary Offense Category Table 27

 

Sentences Relative to the Guideline Range by Each Primary Sentencing Guideline Table 28

 

Within-Range Cases: Position of Sentence for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 29

 

Position of Sentence Within Sentencing Range for Selected Offenses Figure H

 

§5K1.1 Substantial Assistance Departure Cases: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 30
  §5K3.1 Early Disposition Program Departure Cases: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 30A

 

Other Government Sponsored Downward Departure Cases: Degree of Departure for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 31

 

Departures Below the Guideline Range: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 31A
  Departures Below the Guideline Range With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 31B
  Below the Guideline Range With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 31C
  All Remaining Below the Guideline Range Cases: Degree of Decrease for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 31D

 

Departures Above the Guideline Range: Degree of Increase for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 32
  Departures Above the Guideline Range With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553: Degree of Increase for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 32A
  Above the Guideline Range With Booker/18 U.S.C. § 3553: Degree of Increase for Offenders in Each Primary Offense Category Table 32B
  All Remaining Above the Guideline Range Cases: Degree of Increase for Offenders In Each Primary Offense Category Table 32C
Drug Cases (Post-Booker)  

 

Distribution of Guideline Drug Offenses Figure I

 

Primary Drug Type of Offenders Sentenced Under Each Drug Guideline Table 33

 

Race of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 34

 

Gender of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 35

 

Citizenship of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 36

 

Criminal History Category of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 37

 

Plea and Trial Rates of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 38

 

Weapon Involvement of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 39

 

Role Adjustment of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 40

 

Acceptance of Responsibility of Drug Offenders for Each Drug Type Table 41

 

Mean and Median Drug Amounts (In Grams) for Selected Base Offense Levels and Drug Types Table 42

 

Drug Offenders Receiving Mandatory Minimums for Each Drug Type Table 43

 

Drug Offenders Receiving Safety Valve and Mandatory Minimums for Each Drug Type Table 44

 

Drug Offenders Receiving Departures for Each Drug Type Table 45

 

Average Length of Imprisonment in Each Drug Type Figure J

 

Distribution of Drug Type Figure K

 

Mean Length of Imprisonment for Each Drug Type Figure L
Immigration Cases (Post-Booker)  

 

Demographic and Offense Information for Immigration Offenses Table 46

 

Age of Offenders Sentenced Under Immigration Guidelines Table 47

 

Citizenship of Offenders Sentenced Under Immigration Guidelines Table 48

 

Criminal History Category and Citizenship of Offenders Sentenced Under Immigration Guidelines Table 49

 

Mean and Median Sentences of Offenders Sentenced under Immigration Guidelines by Departure Status Table 50
Organizational Sentencing Practices (Post-Booker)  

 

Organizations Receiving Fines or Restitution by Primary Offense Category and Applicability of Chapter Eight Fine Guidelines Table 51

 

Mean and Median Fine or Restitution Imposed on Sentenced Organizations by Primary Offense Category Table 52

 

Chapter Eight Organizational Sentencing Components Table 53

 

Organizations Sentenced Under Chapter Eight: Culpability Factors Table 54
Sentencing Appeals (Post-Booker)  

 

Type and Disposition of Appeals Cases Figure M

 

Guideline Involved in Issues Appealed by the Defendants Table 57

 

Guideline Involved in Issues Appealed by the Government Table 58

 

Sentencing Issues Appealed for Selected Guidelines Table 59
Appendix A (Post-Booker)  
  Descriptions of Datafiles, Variables, and Footnotes  
 
APPENDIX B - Pre-Booker (October 1, 2003, through June 24, 2005) and Post-Booker (June 25, 2005, through September 30, 2005)
Selected Sentencing Statistics by District  
 
  • National
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Alaska
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Alabama Middle
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Alabama Northern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Alabama Southern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Arkansas Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Arkansas Western
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Arizona
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • California Central
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • California Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • California Northern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • California Southern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Colorado
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Connecticut
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • District of Columbia
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Delaware
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Florida Middle
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Florida Northern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Florida Southern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Georgia Middle
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Georgia Northern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Georgia Southern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Guam
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Hawaii
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Iowa Northern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Iowa Southern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Idaho
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Illinois Central
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Illinois Northern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Illinois Southern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Indiana Northern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Indiana Southern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Kansas
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Kentucky Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Kentucky Western
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Louisiana Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Louisiana Middle
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Louisiana Western
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Massachusetts
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Maryland
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Maine
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Michigan Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Michigan Western
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Minnesota
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Missouri Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Missouri Western
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Mississippi Northern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Mississippi Southern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Montana
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • North Carolina Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • North Carolina Middle
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • North Carolina Western
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • North Dakota
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Nebraska
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • New Hampshire
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • New Jersey
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • New Mexico
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Northern Mariana Islands
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Nevada
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • New York Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • New York Northern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • New York Southern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • New York Western
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Ohio Northern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Ohio Southern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Oklahoma Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Oklahoma Northern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Oklahoma Western
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Oregon
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Pennsylvania Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Pennsylvania Middle
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Pennsylvania Western
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Puerto Rico
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Rhode Island
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • South Carolina
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • South Dakota
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Tennessee Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Tennessee Middle
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Tennessee Western
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Texas Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Texas Northern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Texas Southern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Texas Western
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Utah
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Virginia Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Virginia Western
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Virgin Islands
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Vermont
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Washington Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Washington Western
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Wisconsin Eastern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Wisconsin Western
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • West Virginia Northern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • West Virginia Southern
Pre-Booker Post-Booker  
 
  • Wyoming
Pre-Booker Post-Booker