2012 GUIDELINES MANUAL
CHAPTER EIGHT - SENTENCING OF ORGANIZATIONS
PART B - REMEDYING HARM FROM CRIMINAL CONDUCT, AND EFFECTIVE COMPLIANCE AND ETHICS PROGRAM
1. REMEDYING HARM FROM CRIMINAL CONDUCT
§8B1.3. Community Service - Organizations (Policy Statement)
Community service may be ordered as a condition of probation where such community service is reasonably designed to repair the harm caused by the offense.
Background: An organization can perform community service only by employing its resources or paying its employees or others to do so. Consequently, an order that an organization perform community service is essentially an indirect monetary sanction, and therefore generally less desirable than a direct monetary sanction. However, where the convicted organization possesses knowledge, facilities, or skills that uniquely qualify it to repair damage caused by the offense, community service directed at repairing damage may provide an efficient means of remedying harm caused.
In the past, some forms of community service imposed on organizations have not been related to the purposes of sentencing. Requiring a defendant to endow a chair at a university or to contribute to a local charity would not be consistent with this section unless such community service provided a means for preventive or corrective action directly related to the offense and therefore served one of the purposes of sentencing set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a).
Historical Note: Effective November 1, 1991 (see Appendix C, amendment 422).