CHAPTER TWO - OFFENSE CONDUCT


          PART J - OFFENSES INVOLVING THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE


§2J1.9.      Payment to Witness

(a)      Base Offense Level:  6

(b)      Specific Offense Characteristic

(1)       If the payment was made or offered for refusing to testify or for the witness absenting himself to avoid testifying, increase by 4 levels.


Commentary

Statutory Provisions:  18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(2), (3). 

Application Notes:

1.      For offenses covered under this section, Chapter Three, Part C (Obstruction and Related Adjustments) does not apply unless the defendant obstructed the investigation or trial of the payment to witness count.

2.      In the event that the defendant is convicted under this section as well as for the underlying offense (i.e., the offense with respect to which the payment was made), see the Commentary to Chapter Three, Part C (Obstruction and Related Adjustments), and to §3D1.2(c) (Groups of Closely Related Counts).

Background:  This section applies to witness gratuities in federal proceedings.

Historical Note:  Effective November 1, 1987.  Amended effective November 1, 1989 (see Appendix C, amendments 180 and 181); November 1, 2011 (see Appendix C, amendment 758).