2005 Federal Sentencing Guidelines
CHAPTER THREE - PART B - ROLE IN THE OFFENSE
§3B1.4. Using a Minor To Commit a Crime
If the defendant used or attempted to use a person less than eighteen years of age to commit the offense or assist in avoiding detection of, or apprehension for, the offense, increase by 2 levels.
1. "Used or attempted to use" includes directing, commanding, encouraging, intimidating, counseling, training, procuring, recruiting, or soliciting.
2. Do not apply this adjustment if the Chapter Two offense guideline incorporates this factor.
3. If the defendant used or attempted to use more than one person less than eighteen years of age, an upward departure may be warranted.