2005 Federal Sentencing Guidelines
Chapter 2 - PART
H - OFFENSES INVOLVING INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS
§2H3.1. Interception of Communications; Eavesdropping; Disclosure
of Tax Return Information
(a) Base Offense Level (Apply the greater):
(1) 9; or
(2) 6, if the defendant was convicted
of 26 U.S.C. § 7213A or 26 U.S.C. § 7216.
(b) Specific Offense Characteristic
(1) If the purpose of the offense was to obtain direct or indirect commercial
advantage or economic gain, increase by 3 levels.
(c) Cross Reference
(1) If the purpose of the offense was to facilitate another offense, apply
the guideline applicable to an attempt to commit that other offense, if the
resulting offense level is greater than that determined above.
Statutory Provisions: 18
U.S.C. § 2511; 26 U.S.C. §§
7213(a)(1)-(3), (a)(5), (d), 7213A, 7216; 47 U.S.C. § 605. For additional
statutory provision(s), see Appendix
A (Statutory Index).
1. Definitions.—For purposes of this guideline, "tax return"
and "tax return information" have the meaning given the terms
"return" and "return information" in 26 U.S.C. § 6103(b)(1) and (2), respectively.
2. Satellite Cable Transmissions.—If the offense involved interception
of satellite cable transmissions for purposes of commercial advantage or private
financial gain (including avoiding payment of fees), apply §2B5.3 (Criminal
Infringement of Copyright) rather than this guideline.
Background: This section
refers to conduct proscribed by 47 U.S.C. § 605 and the Electronic
Communications Privacy Act of 1986, which amends 18 U.S.C. § 2511 and
other sections of Title 18 dealing with unlawful interception and disclosure
of communications. These statutes proscribe the interception and divulging
of wire, oral, radio, and electronic communications. The Electronic Communications
Privacy Act of 1986 provides for a maximum term of imprisonment of five years
for violations involving most types of communication.
This section also refers to conduct relating to the disclosure and inspection
of tax returns and tax return information, which is proscribed by 26 U.S.C. §§ 7213(a)(1)-(3),
(5), (d), 7213A, and 7216. These statutes provide for a maximum term of imprisonment
of five years for most types of disclosure of tax return information, but provide
a maximum term of imprisonment of one year for violations of 26 U.S.C. §§ 7213A
Historical Note: Effective November 1, 1987. Amended effective November
1, 1989 (see Appendix C, amendment
169); November 1, 2001 (see Appendix
C, amendment 628).