About the Commissioners
Last updated June 2013
JUDGE PATTI B. SARIS, District Judge for the District of Massachusetts. President Obama nominated Judge Saris to be a member and chair of the Commission on April 28, 2010. The Senate confirmed her nomination on December 22, 2010.
Judge Saris has served as a United States district judge for the District of Massachusetts since 1994, having been nominated to the federal bench by President Clinton on October 27, 1993. Prior to her appointment to the district court, Judge Saris served as an associate justice for the Massachusetts Superior Court from 1989 to 1993. From 1986 to 1989, Judge Saris served as a federal magistrate judge for the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts. She was an attorney in the Civil Division of the United States Department of Justice from 1982 to 1986, and held the position of Chief of the Civil Division, Office of the United States Attorney for Massachusetts, from 1984 to 1986. From 1979 until 1981, Judge Saris served as staff counsel to the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary.
Judge Saris received her B.A., magna cum laude, in 1973 from Radcliffe College and her J.D., cum laude, in 1976 from Harvard Law School. She served as a law clerk to the late Justice Robert Braucher of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court from 1976 to 1977. Judge Saris is a recipient of numerous honors and awards, including the Harvard University Medal of Honor (2009), a Judicial Conference of the United States Resolution of Appreciation (2005), and the Boston Bar Association's Citation of Judicial Excellence (2003).
CHIEF JUDGE RICARDO H. HINOJOSA served as chair (and subsequently acting chair) of the United States Sentencing Commission from 2004-2009. He became the Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas in November 2009, having served on that court since 1983. He served as an adjunct professor at the University of Texas School of Law. From 1976 until 1983, he was an attorney with the Ewers & Toothaker Law Firm in McAllen, Texas, and was a partner at the time he became a judge. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa and with honors from the University of Texas at Austin in 1972, and earned his law degree from Harvard Law School in 1975. Judge Hinojosa received the Distinguished Alumnus Award from the University of Texas Ex-Students’ Association in 2001. He served as member (1979-83) and chairman (1981-83) of the Pan American University Board of Regents and in 1986 he received the Distinguished Service Award from the Pan American University Alumni Association.
JUDGE KETANJI BROWN JACKSON, District Judge for the District of Columbia. Judge Jackson was nominated by President Obama to the federal bench and was confirmed by the Senate on March 23, 2013.
Judge Jackson served from 2007-2010 as a litigator at Morrison & Foerster LLP, with a practice that focused on appellate litigation in both state and federal courts, as well as litigation in the Supreme Court of the United States. From 2005 until 2007, prior to joining Morrison & Foerster LLP, Judge Jackson worked as an assistant federal public defender in the Appeals Division of the Office of the Federal Public Defender in the District of Columbia. Judge Jackson previously served as an assistant special counsel at the United States Sentencing Commission and as an associate with two law firms, one specializing in white-collar criminal defense, the other focusing on the negotiated settlement of mass-tort claims. She also served as a law clerk to three federal judges, including Associate Justice Stephen G. Breyer of the Supreme Court of the United States. Judge Jackson received an A.B., magna cum laude, in Government from Harvard-Radcliffe College, and a J.D., cum laude, from Harvard Law School, where she served as a supervising editor of the Harvard Law Review.
JUDGE CHARLES R. BREYER, Senior District Judge for the Northern District of California. Judge Breyer has served as a United States district judge for the Northern District of California since 1998. Previously, he worked at the law firm now known as Coblenz, Patch, Duffy & Bass LLP from 1974 to 1997, with a brief stint as Chief Assistant District Attorney for San Francisco in 1979. From 1973 to 1974, Judge Breyer worked as an Assistant Special Prosecutor on the Watergate Special Prosecution Force. He also served as an Assistant District Attorney in San Francisco from 1967 to 1973. Judge Breyer began his legal career as a law clerk to Judge Oliver J. Carter of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. He received his J.D. in 1966 from the University of California at Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law and his B.A. cum laude in 1963 from Harvard College.
MS. DABNEY FRIEDRICH served as associate counsel at the White House from 2003 until her appointment to the Sentencing Commission in December 2006. Prior to serving in that capacity, she was counsel to Chairman Orrin G. Hatch of the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee from 2002-2003. From 1995 until 2002, she was an assistant U.S. attorney, first for the Southern District of California (1995-1997) and then for the Eastern District of Virginia (1998-2002). Prior to that (1994-1995), she was an associate in private practice at Latham & Watkins in San Diego. From 1992-1994, she was law clerk to now Senior District Judge Thomas F. Hogan (U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia). Ms. Friedrich received her B.A. from Trinity University, her Diploma in Legal Studies from Oxford University, and her J.D. from Yale Law School.
MS. RACHEL BARKOW is the Segal Family Professor of Regulatory Law and Policy at the New York University School of Law, where she focuses her teaching and research on criminal and administrative law. She also serves as the Faculty Director of the Center on the Administration of Criminal Law at the law school. Ms. Barkow has been a member of the faculty at the New York University School of Law since 2002 and was the Beneficial Visiting Professor of Law at Harvard Law School in the fall of 2008. She worked at the law firm of Kellogg Huber Hansen Todd Evans & Figel, PLLC, in Washington, D.C., from 1998 to 2002. Ms. Barkow began her legal career by clerking for Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia from 1997 to 1998, and before that for Judge Laurence H. Silberman of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit from 1996 to 1997. She received her J.D. magna cum laude in 1996 from Harvard Law School and her B.A. with distinction in 1993 from Northwestern University.
JUDGE WILLIAM H. PRYOR, JR., judge for the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. Judge Pryor has served as a United States circuit judge for the Eleventh Circuit since 2004. He also taught federal jurisdiction at the University of Alabama School of Law and has served as an adjunct professor at the Cumberland School of Law at Samford University. Prior to his appointment to the bench, Judge Pryor served as the Attorney General of the State of Alabama from 1997 to 2004 and as a Deputy Attorney General from 1995 to 1997. Before joining the Attorney General's Office, Judge Pryor practiced law in Birmingham, Alabama for seven years at the law firms of Walston, Stabler, Wells, Anderson & Bains and Cabaniss, Johnston, Gardner, Dumas & O'Neal. From 1987 to 1988, Judge Pryor served as a law clerk for Judge John Minor Wisdom of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. He received his J.D. magna cum laude in 1987 from Tulane University Law School, where he served as Editor-in-Chief of the Tulane Law Review, and his B.A. magna cum laude in 1984 from Northeast Louisiana University (now University of Louisiana at Monroe).
MR. ISAAC FULWOOD, JR., is the designated ex-officio member of the United States Sentencing Commission representing the United States Parole Commission. He was appointed as a U.S. Parole commissioner by President George W. Bush in 2004. Prior to his appointment, he served 29 years as a member of the Metropolitan Police Department in Washington, D.C., where he became the chief of police in 1989. Presently, he is an adjunct professor at the University of the District of Columbia where he teaches law enforcement subjects, community policing, and ethics in law enforcement. Mr. Fulwood is a graduate of the George Washington University Contemporary Executive Development Program and a graduate of the National Executive Institute F.B.I. He received an Honorary Doctorate of Human Letters from Southeastern University in 1992.
MR. JONATHAN J. WROBLEWSKI is the designated ex-officio member of the United States Sentencing Commission representing the Office of the Attorney General, United States Department of Justice. Mr. Wroblewski serves as Director of the Office of Policy and Legislation in the Criminal Division of the Department. Previously, Mr. Wroblewski served as a trial attorney with the Civil Rights Division, and subsequently served in the United States Sentencing Commission as Deputy General Counsel and Director of Legislative and Public Affairs. He has taught at both The George Washington University National Law Center and George Mason University School of Law, and has studied at the University of Cambridge's Institute of Criminology as a recipient of the Atlantic Fellowship in Public Policy. Mr. Wroblewski received his B.A., magna cum laude from Duke University, and his J.D. from Stanford Law School.
Visitors to the Commission's website can browse and download a wide selection of Commission documents and materials. The website features the federal sentencing guidelines, federal sentencing statistics by state and district, Commission meeting minutes and hearing transcripts, and guidelines educational materials, among many other selections. In addition, the website provides links to other federal judicial agencies and the National Association of Sentencing Commissions.
For additional information about the U.S. Sentencing Commission, contact:
Office of Legislative and Public Affairs
United States Sentencing Commission
One Columbus Circle, NE, Suite 2-500
Washington, DC 20002-8002